Selected reports on peacekeeping and sexual violence

Note: the views expressed in the reports below do not necessarily reflect
the positions of the Code Blue Campaign

Asian Centre for Human Rights. 2014, June. Bangladesh: Sending Death Squads to Keep the UN’s Peace.

Boom, Rembert. 2015, 24 November. Impunity of Military Peacekeepers: Will the UN Start Naming and Shaming Troop Contributing Countries? American Society of International Law (19:25).

Boom, Rembert. 2016, 27 July. Special Measures for Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping: Can the General Assembly Unite Against Impunity of Military Peacekeepers? American Society of International Law (20:13).

Burke, Róisín. 2012. ‘Troop-Discipline and Sexual Offences by UN Military Peacekeepers: The UN’s Response — Moving Beyond the Current Status Quo?” Working Paper No. 1.5, Strengthening the rule of law through the United Nations Security Council Workshop paper series, Centre for International Governance and Justice.

Csàky, Corinna. 2008. No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers. London: Save the Children Fund.

Durch, William J. et al. 2009. Improving Criminal Accountability in United Nations Peace Operations. Stimson Center Report No. 65.

Ferstman, Carla. 2013. Criminalizing Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers. USIP Special Report, 335.

Hampson, Françoise. 2005, 7 July. Administration of Justice, Rule of Law and Democracy: Working paper on the accountability of international personnel taking part in peace support operations. Submitted to the UN Economic and Social Council. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2005/42.

Human Rights Watch. 2014, September 8. “‘The Power These Men Have Over Us’: Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by African Union Forces in Somalia.”

Human Rights Watch. 2002, November. Hopes Betrayed: Trafficking of Women and Girls to Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina for Forced Prostitution. Volume 14, Number 9 (D).

Jennings, Kathleen M. 2008. Protecting Whom? Approaches to sexual exploitation and abuse in UN peacekeeping operations. Fafo.

Lutz, Catherine, Matthew Gutmann and Keith Brown. 2009. Conduct and Discipline in UN Peacekeeping Operations: Culture, Political Economy and Gender. Watson Institute for International Studies Research Paper. Report submitted to the Conduct and Discipline Unit, United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations.

Martin, Sarah. 2005. Must Boys Be Boys? Ending Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping Missions. Refugees International.

Mendelson, Sarah E. 2005, February. Barracks and Brothels: Peacekeepers and Human Trafficking in the Balkans. Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).

Naik, Asmita. 2002, October. Protecting children from the protectors: lessons from West Africa. Forced Migration Review (FMR), 15: 16-19.

REDRESS. 2017, September. Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Peacekeeping Operations: Improving Victims’ Access to Reparation, Support and Assistance.

Spees, Pam. 2004, February. Gender Justice and Accountability in Peace Support Operations: Closing the Gaps. International Alert.

Stern, Jenna. 2015, February. Reducing Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping: Ten Years After the Zeid Report. Stimson Center: Civilians in Conflict, Policy Brief No. 1

UNHCR and Save the Children-UK. 2002, January*. Report of Assessment Mission Carried Out From 22 October to 30 November 2001. (note: this report was released publicly by the UK Parliament's International Development Committee Inquiry on sexual exploitation and abuse in the aid sector in July 2018).

UNHCR and Save the Children-UK. 2002, February. Note for Implementing and Operational Partners on Sexual Violence & Exploitation: The Experience of Refugee Children in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone based on Initial Findings and Recommendations from Assessment Mission 22 October - 30 November 2001.